Ahead of the December convention on climate change to be held in Paris, India revealed in its INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) its intention to cut Carbon emissions in the nation by 35% by 2030 (from the 2005 level). This is an ambitious goal indeed considering the fact that India is a developing country and cannot hope to compete with peers without adequate investment in industries, which are bound to produce carbon emissions. A nation cannot make such a bold claim unless it is confident of obtaining or producing clean technology for its industries.
Regarding how it hopes to achieve such a lofty target, India has said that many supplementary goals will help in this task. Its goals to increase renewable energy or non-fossil fuel based electric power generation capacity by 40%, its plans to increase the scope of its PAT scheme to include many other sectors in the growing economy and its target of creating an additional carbon reduction of 2.5 to 3 trillion tonnes of CO2-equivalent by increasing forest and tree cover will all make the carbon reduction goal more believable and workable. India also pointed out that a key driver in bringing results will be technology and financial assistance from developed countries. Without these, developing countries will be lost. The UNFCC will, later this year, make a formal agreement based on this principle of “climate justice” and the idea of equality, common and differentiated responsibilities, and individual capabilities. If all goes well and India is able to develop its renewable resources to the level it hopes to, the carbon emissions reduction is expected to be much higher than stated in the INDC.