New Intermediate Black Hole discovered 5/5 (2)

XMM-Newton observatory. Credit: ESA.

Astronomers have for some time been struggling to prove the existence of the elusive intermediate black holes. A recent discovery by a team of astronomers led by Indian-origin astronomer, Dheeraj Pasham, uncovered evidence for a new intermediate black hole about 5,000 times the mass of the Sun.
NGC1313X-1 was discovered in galaxy NGC1313 when ESA’s XMM-Newton satellite detected the black hole’s ultraluminous X-Rays emissions. Its discovery adds credence to an earlier discovery made by some of the same team. M82 X-1 was discovered in galaxy M82 (the Cigar galaxy) with data from NASA’s Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite and last year, it gained the status of a potential intermediate black hole. Its mass is believed to be around 400 times the mass of the Sun.
NGC1313X-1 is an important find as it reinforces the theory that black holes exist in all sizes. A study of its flare pattern is also strong evidence to support another idea that blacks holes of similar and smaller sizes all have two flares which repeat in frequencies in the ratio of 3:2.
NASA has plans to launch a new X-ray telescope called the Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) in 2016, to further build on this research by closely studying their new and other potential intermediate black holes.

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